Most Famous Historical Places In India Information 5/5 (1)

Most Famous Historical Places In India

Most Famous Historical Places In India,

The culture, heritage, and heritage of India are actually rich in buildings, temples, forts, and palaces of India. The famous Indian monument is the Church of Goa, Taj Mahal, Qutub Minar, Charminar, Red Fort and Jantar Mantar are some of India’s most historic sites. In addition to these historic monuments, wildlife parks and ancient temples of southern India also come in other World Heritage Sites of India!

Top 10 Famous Historical Places In India.

  •  Agra Fort and Taj Mahal.
  • Hampi.
  • Gateway of India.
  • Basgo Monastery.
  • Ajanta & Ellora Caves.
  • Sanchi Stupa.
  • Rani ki Vav.
  • Amarkantak.
  • Victoria Memorial.
  • Hawa Mahal.
1)Taj Mahal And Agra fort

The Taj was built by Shah Jahan as a memorial for his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal, who died giving birth to their 14th child in 1631. The death of Mumtaz left the emperor so heartbroken that his hair is said to have turned grey virtually overnight. Construction of the Taj began the following year; although the main building is thought to have been built in eight years, the whole complex was not completed until 1653.

Not long after it was finished, Shah Jahan was overthrown by his son Aurangzeb and imprisoned in Agra Fort, where for the rest of his days he could only gaze out at his creation through a window. Following his death in 1666, Shah Jahan was buried here alongside his beloved Mumtaz.

Meet the boss of Indian historical places. Explore the ultimate epitome of love, the Taj Mahal, whose grandeur remains unmatched in history and today this is one of the best weekend getaways from Delhi. This opulent white marble structure was commissioned to be built in 1632 by Shah Jahan for his late wife Mumtaz Mahal. It took around 22 years to complete this magnificent structure that is considered one of the most famous historical places in India.

According to local legend, it was believed that Shah Jahan cut off the hands of all the workers who built the Taj Mahal so that a similar monument could not be built.

Interesting fact: A shopping complex and hotel inspired by the Taj Mahal is being constructed in Dubai and is estimated to be four times larger in size.

Entry fee: Indians- INR 40and INR 530 for citizens of SAARC and BIMSTEC Countries, ₹1000 for others.
Foreigners- INR 1000

Best time to visit: October – February

Open from: 6.30am to 6.30pm Sunrise to sunset ( closed on Fridays)

Must see: Nighttime shows of the Taj Mahal.

Nearest railway station: Agra has a railway station and it is around 5km from the monument.

 Agra Fort

Agra Fort could be a historical fort within the town of Agra in India. it absolutely was the most residents of the emperors of the Mughal family until 1638, once the capital was shifted from Agra to a city. The Agra fort may be a UNESCO World Heritage website.It’s concerning 2.5 kilometer northwest of its a lot of famous sister monument, the Taj Mahal. The fort will be a lot of accurately described as a walled city.

To get a sense of the rich history of the Mughal era, visit the walled palatial Agra Fort, one of the famous places in India that are built entirely of red sandstone. Built-in 1565 by Akbar, this historical tourist place in India has two ornately designed gates: the Amar Singh Gate and the Delhi Gate. You can only enter through the Amar Singh Gate to uncover an ancient city filled with gateways, courts, passages, palaces, and mosques.

Interesting fact: This fort was included in one of Sherlock Holmes’ cases: the “Sign of the Four” and was also the location for the movie Jodha Akbar.

Entry fee: Indians- INR 40
Foreigners- INR 550

Open from: Sunrise to sunset

Must see: Jahangir Palace, Nagina Masjid, Moti Masjid, Mina Masjid and Zenana Mina Bazaar.

2) Hampi

Picture Credit commons.wikimedia.org

Hampi, a temple city in Karnataka, could be a fascinating spot. associate degree open repository, Hampi can be best delineated as a quaint place, lying amidst putting ruins of the past. The unearthly landscape, the impressive boulders, the carnival of carvings, the story of the past, Hampi could be a sight to lay eyes on. This {unesco|United Nations Educational Scientific associate degreed Cultural Organization|UNESCO|United Nations agency|UN agency} World Heritage website is an exemplary historical place in Bharat wherever you can pay every day or pay a month, and still, it’ll not stop shocking you.

Hampi is settled on the banks of the Tungabhadra stream within the jap a part of central Mysore close to the state border with a state. it’s 376 kilometers (234 mi) from an urban center, 385 kilometers (239 mi) from Hyderabad and 266 kilometers (165 mi) from Belgaum. The nearest railroad station is in Hosapete (Hospet), thirteen kilometers (8.1 mi) away. throughout the winter, nightlong buses and trains connect Hampi with a state, Secunderabad and urban center.It’s a hundred and forty kilometers (87 mi) southeast of the Badami and Aihole archeological sites

Hampi, a backpacker’s delight, has five hundred ancient monuments, stunning temples, bustling street markets, bastions, treasury building and captivating remains of Vijayanagar Empire. From the elephant stables to the huge stone chariots, Hampi is fascinating beyond imagination.

Entry fee: ₹15 for Indians and SAARC country tourists, ₹500 for others.

Opening hours: 8.30am to 5.30pm

Best time to visit: November – February

Nearest Railway Station: Hospet, around 13km away is the nearest railway station to Hampi.

3) Gateway of India, Mumbai

The gateway of India is an arch monument built during the twentieth century in a city, India.The monument was erected to commemorate the landing of King George v and Queen Mary at Apollo Bunder on their visit to India in 1911.

The Gateway of India is one of the best historical places in India. This ancient gateway was completed in 1924 and was inaugurated by The Viceroy, the Earl of Reading. It has been reinforced over time using yellow basalt and concrete and has delicate latticework all over the turrets. The statues of Chhatrapati Shivaji and Swami Vivekananda were also installed at the Gateway later on.

Interesting fact: The last of the British ships set sail for England from the Gateway of India in the 20th century.

Entry fee: None

Open from: 12am-12pm

Must see: There are steps behind the gateway from where you can take trips to Elephanta Island.

4) Basgo Monastery

Basgo may be a city located on the bank of the Indus river in Leh district, Ladakh, India. it had been once a very important cultural and political center and is often mentioned in the Ladakhi Chronicles. it’s renowned for its gompas like Basgo monastery and historical ruins.

Basgo monastery, based on Buddhist tradition and culture in the terrain of Ladakh, Jammu & Kashmir, is perched on the top of a hill. The monastery was a fortress and the seat of authority of the Namgyal kingdom. It was the cultural-political center of the kingdom. This place is rich in culture and heritage and yet one of the unexplored gems of Ladakh. It boasts of stunning sunset views as the citadel is bathed in the rusty hue of the setting sun.

Entry fee: ₹30 per person

Opening hours: Dawn to dusk

Best time to visit: March – July, and October – November.

Nearest railway station: Jammu is the closest railway station to the Basgo nearly 734 km away. One would need to take a bus or a private cab, passing Shimla and Manali and reach Leh from where Basgo is only 40km away.

 5) Ajanta & Ellora Caves, Aurangabad

Astonishingly carved into hillside rock in the middle of nowhere are the Ajanta and Ellora caves. Both are an important UNESCO World Heritage site.

There are 34 caves at Ellora dating from between the 6th and 11th centuries AD, and 29 caves at Ajanta dating back to between the 2nd century BC and 6th century AD. The caves at Ajanta are all Buddhist, while the caves at Ellora are a mixture of Buddhist, Hindu, and Jain.

The Ajanta and Ellora caves depict true craftsmanship skills where each rock carving was done by hand. When British officer John Smith set out to chase a tiger in 1819, he would never have thought that he would uncover the majestic Ajanta caves. These 29 caves are full of sculptures and paintings that epitomize Buddha and various Jataka tales.
Blending three different religions: Buddhism, Jainism, and Brahmanism, the 34 caves at Ellora have been carved on the walls of a basaltic hill. There are 12 Buddhist caves, 17 Hindu caves, and 5 Jain caves. Most of these caves are monasteries that were used for praying and studying.

Interesting fact: It is believed that the Buddhist monks were not allowed to go out during the monsoons and would sit and carve sculptures in the Ajanta caves.

Entry fee: Indians- INR 10
Foreigners- INR 250
There is no entrance fee on Fridays.

Open from: 9 am-5.30 pm ( Ajanta caves closed on Mondays & Ellora caves closed on Tuesdays)

Must see:

Ajanta: Cave 26 which is an elaborately decorated Chaitya hall with a stupa.
Ellora: The ‘Cavern of the Ten Avatars’ built under the reign of Krishna I.

 6) Sanchi Stupa, Madhya Pradesh

pic credit (MP) Tourism

Sanchi Stupa, additionally written Sanci, maybe a Buddhist advanced, celebrated for its nice Stupa, on a crest at Sanchi city in Raisen District of the State of Madhya Pradesh, India. it’s set in forty-six kilometers (29 mi) north-east of Bhopal, capital of Madhya Pradesh. the nice Stupa at Sanchi is one among the oldest stone structures in India[1] and was originally commissioned by emperor Ashoka within the third century BCE. Its nucleus was a straightforward subfigure brick structure engineered over the relics of Buddha. it had been topped by the chakra, a parasol-like structure symbolizing high rank, that was meant to honor and shelter the relics.

This famous historical place in India was built by Lord Asoka in the 3rd century B.C for Emperor Ashoka. The Dome of the Stupa signifies the wheel of law and this stupa is actually considered as a symbol of Buddha’s freedom the circle of life and death (Moksha). The four gateways of the Stupa have various scenes from the Jataka tales and stories of Buddha’s life.

Interesting fact: The relics of Buddha were painted with a Mauryan polish to make them glow like glass.

Entry fee: Indians- INR 10
Foreigners- INR 250

Open from: 8.30am-5pm

Must see: The Ashoka pillar has four lions and is designed in a Greco-Buddhist style. It is also the national emblem of India.

 7)Rani ki Vav, Gujarat

picture credit Mystery of India

Rani ki Vav is AN intricately created stepwell situated in the city of Patan in Gujarat, India. it’s located on the banks of Saraswati watercourse. aristocrat ki vav was designed as a memorial to AN 11th-century AD king Bhimdev I.It was extra to the list of UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites on 22 June 2014.

Built by a widowed Queen, Udaymati in memory of her husband Bhimdev I, ruler of the Solanki Dynasty, this magnificent stepwell is a little recognition short of being added to the historical wonders of India. It stands as a sort of an inverted pyramid and houses around 500 delicately carved sculptures of Vishnu, Kali and other Hindu gods and goddesses. The steps take you 27 m below the ground, with each step first leading you to pillared pavilions where you can admire its rich sculptures.

Entry fee: ₹5 for Indians, ₹150 for foreigners.

Opening hours: 8 am to 6 pm

Best time to visit: November – March

Nearest railway station: Mehsana railway station is the closest to Patan, around 55km away.

8) Amarkantak

Picture credit Wikipedia

Amarkantak (NLK Amarakaṇṭaka) could be a pilgrim city and a Nagar panchayat in Anuppur, Madhya Pradesh, India. The Amarkantak region could be a distinctive natural heritage space and is that the meeting purpose of the Vindhya and also the Satpura Ranges, with the Maikal Hills being the pivot. this is often wherever the Narmada stream, the Son stream and Johila stream emerge.

Popular 15th-century Indian mystic and writer Kabir (Kabir panthi starter) are alleged to possess meditated on Kabir Chabutra, conjointly referred to as the platform of Kabir placed within the city of Amarkantak.

Rising up from amidst a forest near the confluence of the Vindhya and Satpura ranges, this temple complex exhibits a unique display of geometric architecture from the 11th century. The geographic setting lends an enigmatic vibe to the already surreal temples and carvings that include the Sri Yantra Maha Meru Temple with a four-face façade symbolizing Goddess Maha Tripura Sundari.

Entry fee: Free for all

Opening hours: Dawn to dusk.

Best time to visit: October – February

Nearest railway station: Pendra Railway station is the nearest railhead located at about 40 km from Amarkantak.

9) Victoria Memorial, Kolkata

    Picture credit Lonely Planet

The Victoria Memorial may be a giant marble building in a metropolis, West Bengal, India, that was engineered between 1906 and 1921. it’s dedicated to the memory of Empress (1819–1901) and is currently a repository and holidaymaker destination underneath the auspices of the Ministry of Culture.[2] The memorial lies on the maidan (grounds) by the bank of the Hooghly stream, close to Jawaharlal Nehru road.

The Victoria Memorial in Kolkata is one of the most historical tourist places in India and was built during the peak of the British era in India. The then Viceroy Lord Curzon laid down the idea of this monument but its actual design was done by Sir William Emerson.

Multitudes of lush gardens, a museum filled with British memorabilia including weapons, paintings, sculptures, artifacts etc and the royal portrait of the Queen are what you will find in this beautiful monument. One of the best paintings you will find here is the one by Russian artist Vasili Verestchagin. This painting depicts the Prince of Wales in Jaipur in 1876.

Interesting fact: There are two sets of mysterious inscriptions on the monument. One is “VRI” which means Victoria Regina Imperatrix and the other is “Dieu Et Mon Droit”. The first means Victoria Queen and Empress and the latter means “God and my right”.

Entry fee: Indians- INR 20
Foreigners- INR 200

Open from: 5:30am- 6:15pm daily

Must see: The black bronze statue “Angel of Victory” that lies on the apex of the memorial’s dome. In favorable weather, it also acts as a weathercock.

10) Hawa Mahal, Jaipur
Picture Credit fpinfo

Hawa Mahal (English translation: “Palace of Winds” or “Palace of the Breeze”) may be a palace in Jaipur, India. it’s made of red and pink arenaceous rock. The palace sits on the sting of the town Palace, Jaipur, and extends to the zenana, or women’s chambers.

The structure was in-built 1799 by prince Sawai Pratap Singh. He was thus inspired by the unique structure of Khetri Mahal that he built this grand and historical palace. it had been designed by Lal Chand Ustad. Its distinctive five-story exterior has cherished the honeycomb of a beehive with its 953 tiny windows referred to as jharokhas decorated with intricate latticework.

The ‘Palace of Winds’ or Hawa Mahal gets its name due to the fact that it looks like a honeycomb of a beehive with its 953 intricate windows. It is also shaped like a crown as the ruler who built it, Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh, was a major devotee of Lord Krishna. One of the popular tourist places in Jaipur, this palace is known as the tallest building in the world that doesn’t have any foundation. The palace is curved but still stands firm due to its pyramidal shape.

Interesting fact: It was believed that this building was created so that the royal ladies could look outside as they were constantly under ‘purdah’

Entry fee: Indians- INR 10
Foreigners- INR 50

Open from: 9.30am-4.30pm

Must see: The intricate lattice work on the tiny windows.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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